2 edition of effect on water quality of explosives use in surface mining found in the catalog.
effect on water quality of explosives use in surface mining
L. W. Pommen
|Series||MOE technical report -- 4, AQUAMIN collection -- Study no. 348.|
|Contributions||British Columbia. Ministry of Environment.|
|LC Classifications||TD227.B7 P65|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xi, 149 p. :|
|Number of Pages||149|
|ISBN 10||0771992017, 0771992033|
Water Quality From the standpoint of water quality, coal surface mining has its greatest impact on the shallower aquifers. The most notable effect is increased total dissolved solids and increased sulfate, calcium, and magnesium concentrations. Moving from water to air quality, studies in mining environments outside of Appalachia show that surface mining creates localized air pollution. Ghose and others have conducted a number of studies in India showing elevated levels of particulate matter at surface mines in that country (Ghose, , Ghose and Banerjee, , Ghose and Majee Cited by:
Have you ever wondered just how sulfide-ore copper mines pollute their surrounding environments? It’s a good question, because in order to understand the environmental impacts to the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness and Voyageurs National Park, we must first understand all of the ways sulfide-ore copper mining can cause harm to the surrounding lakes, streams, wetlands and . Before this time, many mining companies did not sufficiently restore mined areas, leaving physical hazards and environmental impacts. High levels of metals released to streams from acid mine drainage can harm fish and aquatic ecosystems. These contaminants may also impact drinking water and agricultural water sources.
The ground-water system and possible effects of underground coal mining in the Trail Mountain area, central Utah. (Geological Survey water-supply paper ) "Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Land Management." Bibliography 32 p. Supt. of Docs. No.: I 1. Water, Underground Utah Wasatch Plateau. by: 7. Download a PDF of "Surface Coal Mining Effects on Ground Water Recharge" by the National Research Council for free. Copy the HTML code below to embed this book in your own blog, website, or application. Environment and Environmental Studies — Water Quality Suggested Citation. National Research Council.
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The effects on water quality of explosives use in surface mining were studied at the Fording Coal Limited mine in southeast British Columbia during The results are reported in 3 volumes.
To copy the URL of a document, Right Click on the document title, select "Copy Shortcut/Copy Link", then paste as needed. Surface Mining Ammonium Nitrate High Explosive Ground Vibration Opencast Mining These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.
This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm : John Sinclair. Explosives and Water Quality Author: Bill Forsyth, AIan Cameron and Scott Miller Subject: Ground & Surface Water Keywords: explosives, water quality, ANFO, mining, environment Created Date: 7/16/ PM.
Most of the long term impacts on water quality are due to the mining (the breakup of the rocks). The mechanisms of these changes (via pyrite oxidation) are well known.
They increase the dissolved solids component especially sulfate, iron, manganese, aluminum, and sometimes sodium. Occasionally, other minor metals show Size: KB. Nature of Ground‐water pollution by surface mining Ground water is becoming a major concern with respect to surface mining of coal in both West Virginia and the nation's other coal fields.
Two major concerns are ground‐water quality and ground‐water quantity, but only the quality aspects are addressed in this paper. The Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM), as part of the U.S.
Department of the Interior, was given the responsibility to develop and promulgate standards for regulating the surface effects of coal mining, both surface and underground, including the use of explosives. The Surface Mining Reclamation and Control Act of The Effect of Explosives Used in Surface Mining on Water Quality: Nitrogen Release from Coal and Mine Waste - May (PDF) Drinking Water Supply Assessments Cluculz Lake Drinking Water Quality Program: Source Water Characteristics - April (PDF).
Developments over the past three decades by mining explosives manufacturer BME, have resulted in a lowered negative impact on the environment through the impeded release of nitrates during.
N as a trigger level. Elevated levels of nitrate are the main cause of eutrophication in surface water resources (US EPA, ). Human health is the norm used for nitrate in the South African Drinking Water Standard and Target water quality guideline for domestic use, which is set at 6 mg/L as NO.
Size: KB. -type of surface mining that involves excavating earth, rock and other material to uncover a tabular, lens shaped or layered mineral reserve-coal or other rocks of sedimentary origin-the mineral reserve is extracted after removing the overburden -the excavation of the overburden is completed in rectangular blocks in plain view called pits or strips.
Problem: Blasting is a hazardous component of surface mining. Serious injuries and fatalities result from improper judgement or practice during rock blasting. This paper describes several fatal injury case studies, analyzes causative factors, and emphasizes preventive Size: KB.
Coal ash pond from an abandoned coal fired power plant. CREDIT: AP Photo/Steve Helber. Mountaintop removal mining — a technique where coal mining companies remove tops of mountains to reveal coal — can also degrade the drinking water of communities that live near the mining sites.
The process of removing the mountaintop requires lots of heavy machinery and explosives, and results in tons. Ministry of Environment Air and Climate Change Branch.
Effect on Water Quality of Explosives Used in Surface Mining. Volume 1: Nitrogen Sources, Water Quality, and Prediction and Management of Impacts K.
Effect on Water Quality of Explosives Used in Surface Mining. Volume 3: Nitrogen Release from Coal and Mine Waste: Nagpal. Extremely low temperatures can affect the performance of water-based explosives, the ingredients of which can solidify and aggregate, thereby reducing the particle surface area available for reaction.
A lower performance results. At higher temperatures, the crystal. THE EFFECTS OF CHROME MINING ACTIVITIES ON THE WATER QUALITY OF THE HEX RIVER IN THE RUSTENBURG AREA: CASE STUDY ON KROONDAL hydrologic and anthropogenic processes such as the increased use of explosives containing NO 3 and NH 3 underground.
The chemical compositions of surface KCM surface water infrastructure layout showing the. The environmental damage caused by surface mining is related to the large amount of surface material that humans remove during mining operations.
The environmental effects of surface mining include Habitat destruction Soil erosion Air pollution from dust particulates Pollution (especially from sediments) All surface mining techniques negatively affect the environment, though some methods are.
Chapter 2 - WATER QUALITY This chapter was prepared by M. Meybeck, E. Kuusisto, A. Mäkelä and E. Mälkki “Water quality” is a term used here to express the suitability of water to sustain various uses or processes. Any particular use will have certain requirements for the physical, chemical or.
Although water constitutes 71% of the earth’s surface, only % of it is available as fresh water for human use. Moreover, the quality of fresh water in ground and surface systems is of great concern, as potable water needs to have appropriate mineral content. weightiest after effect of a mining is its effects on water resources.
The impact of mining on surface and groundwater is due to spill erosion, sedimentation, acid mine drainage, lowering of. Large scale earth moving equipment is used to excavate and remove coal from lower layers.
The equipment used depends on the method and scale of the surface mining method being employed. Regrading begins as coal excavation continues. Once coal removal is complete, final regrading takes place and the area is revegetated.
toxic metal mercury(in some countries) is used in mining of gold and silver. it s a volatile metal. subsurface mining effects. acid mine drainage is environmental impacts. to keep from flooding water, it must continually be pumped out.
the water has a very low pH, which lowers the pH of nearby soils and streams.Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes.
These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of carbon which have. Coal mining. Mining operations can negatively impact water supplies, often with long-lasting effects.
The fundamental issue involves contamination of nearby rivers, lakes, and aquifers by what comes out of a coal mine—usually highly acidic water containing heavy metals like arsenic, copper, and lead. The process is known as acid mine happens when certain substances (typically.